GAZELLE


GAZELLE
GAZELLE (Heb. צְבִי, ẓevi). The gazelle is included among the seven wild animals permitted as food (Deut. 14:5; 12:15), and is the only one among them that has survived in Israel. Though it was almost extinct in the early 1940s, there has been a considerable increase in the number since the passing of the Wild Life Protection Law by the State of Israel, which made hunting the gazelle an offense, and today hundreds of them are to be found in the Judean hills and in the Negev. There are two species of gazelle in Israel; the more common is the Gazella gazella, which is grayish-brown in color, 55 inches (140 cm.) in length, and up to 27½ inches (70 cm.) in height. The other species, Gazella dorcas, which is found in the Negev, is light-brown in color, has large ears and diverging horns, and stands only 23½ inches (60 cm.) high. The gazelle's delicate appearance, its slender legs, narrow body, and beautiful eyes, made it a symbol of grace and beauty (Song 2:9; 4:5; 7:4). It was hunted extensively for its delicious meat (Isa. 13:14; Prov. 6:5). Its light-footedness became a symbol of speed (II Sam. 2:18). In Song of Songs (2:7; 3:5) there twice occurs the adjuration "by the gazelles and by the hinds of the field," the reference being to the habit of the males and females of living apart during most of the year and meeting again at the mating season. Perhaps the maiden here intimates that her beloved will surely return to her. Because the gazelle is not found in Europe, the translators of the Bible there identified the ẓevi with the deer (Heb. אַיָּל), which abounds there. Whereas, however, the horns of the deer are branched and solid ("antlers"), the Talmud clearly states that those of the ẓevi are unbranched (Ḥul. 59b) and hollow (TJ, Er. 1:17, 19b). "Gazelle" and not "deer" is also the meaning of the Aramaic and Arabic cognates of ẓevi. The halakhah refers to the prohibition of crossbreeding the gazelle with the goat, which it resembles (Kil. 1:6), the progeny of such cross-breeding being, according to some, the animal known as the koi (Ḥul. 132a). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Aharoni, Torat ha-Ḥai, 1 (1923), 87; F.S. Bodenheimer, Ha-Ḥai be-Ereẓ Yisrael (1953), 246; Tristram, Nat Hist, 127–30; J. Feliks, Animal World of the Bible (1962), 11. ADD BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 270. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gazelle — [ gazɛl ] n. f. • gazel 1272; ar. gazâl, gazâla ♦ Mammifère (bovidés) à cornes annelées, à longues pattes fines, très répandu dans les déserts d Afrique et d Asie. Fig. Des yeux de gazelle : de grands yeux doux. ♢ Pâtiss. Cornes de gazelle. ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gazelle — bezeichnet eine Gattung von Antilopen, siehe Gazellen einen französischer Hubschraubertyp, siehe Aérospatiale SA 341/342 einen Kleintransporter der russischen Herstellers GAZ, siehe GAZelle einen Hersteller von Fahrrädern, siehe Gazelle (Fahrrad) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GAZelle — Marschrutka vom Typ „GAZ 22171“ in Rostow am Don GAZelle (russisch ГАЗель, auch Gasel, GAZel oder GASel) ist eine russische Automarke für Kleinbusse und transporter. Der Typ wird von der russischen Automobilfabrik GAZ in Nischni …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gazelle — Gazelle  браузер, анонсированный компанией Microsoft в начале 2009 года. Новый браузер будет применять принципы разделения ресурсов, характерные для многопользовательских операционных систем, что, согласно Microsoft, повысит его надёжность… …   Википедия

  • Gazelle — puede referirse a: Gazelle, una localidad del condado de Siskiyou en California. El Gazelle, un helicóptero ligero concebido en la segunda mitad de los años 60. Gazelle, fabricante de bicicletas neerlandés. Microsoft Gazelle, el nombre clave de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gazelle — Sf (eine Art Antilope) erw. exot. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. gazelle, dieses aus span. gacela, aus arab. ġazāla.    Ebenso nndl. gazel, ne. gazelle, nfrz. gazelle, nschw. gasell, nnorw. gasell, nisl. gasella. ✎ DF 1 (1913), 239;… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Gazelle — Ga*zelle , n. [F. gazelle, OF. also, gazel; cf. Sp. gacela, Pr. gazella, It. gazella; all fr. Ar. ghaz?l a wild goat.] (Zo[ o]l.) One of several small, swift, elegantly formed species of antelope, of the genus {Gazella}, esp. {G. dorcas}; called… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gazelle — Gazelle. Die Poesie, beschränkt auf das todte Wort und deßhalb weniger mächtig als die Malerei und Tonkunst mit ihrer Farben und Tonpracht, entlehnt ihre Bilder und Gleichnisse, ihre Farben und Klänge aus der Natur, um, was sie schildern will,… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Gazelle — Gazelle, CA U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 136 Housing Units (2000): 67 Land area (2000): 0.601478 sq. miles (1.557820 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.601478 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gazelle, CA — U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 136 Housing Units (2000): 67 Land area (2000): 0.601478 sq. miles (1.557820 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.601478 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.